Endometriosis and Pregnancy

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Image: webmd.com

San Francisco resident and psychiatrist Shulamit Glaubach, MD, uses a holistic approach to treat patients at her private practice. Shulamit Glaubach, MD, has developed a professional interest in helping couples work through stress related to infertility.

Endometriosis is a condition in which the lining of the uterus grows outside the uterus. The condition affects over 11 percent of American women, and a common side effect of endometriosis is trouble conceiving a child. Though experts aren’t exactly sure how endometriosis is specifically linked to infertility, they have identified several factors that can have a significant impact on reproductive success.

First, infertility can be due to an underlying immune condition related to cytokines, which are chemicals released by the immune system in response to the endometrial tissue’s location outside of the uterus. Patches of endometriosis are also known to block or change the shape of the pelvis or reproductive organs, making it difficult for sperm to travel to the egg. Finally, when the endometrium, or uterine lining, does not form properly, the implantation of a fertilized egg may not be successful.

Though endometriosis can affect a woman’s fertility, many women with the condition have conceived successfully. A fertility specialist can make specific recommendations based on an individual’s circumstances.